Precious metals

The history of the Precious metals collection began in the late 19th century. The earliest acquisitions date back to 1895. The first entries are of Novgorod grivna of the 13th century – monetary, weight and counting unit in the Kievan Rus; cult objects and ornaments of the indigenous peoples of the North, the Tatar women's jewellery, the findings of archaeological excavations on the Isker, the capital of the Siberian khanate.

The collection has been built via private donations, the Tobolsk museum expedition findings, and purchases. Initially these were isolated acquisitions. The collection was significantly enriched in the early 20th century with silver coins, religious objects and jewellery. In 1925 a number of valuable Museum objects came from Tobolsk Church archive.

The collection started to grow further only in the 2nd half of the 20th century. A distinctive feature of this period is the mass flow of the Great Patriotic war awards, embodying the heroism of the Tobolsk people in the fight against Nazi Germany, civilian awards, awarded to the Tobolsk people for contribution to the region’s development. In the 1960-ies individuals brought many silver coins discovered on the territory of the Ioanno-Vvedensky female monastery, while digging vegetable gardens in the lower part of Tobolsk, on the site of the burnt house in Plesovskaya village of Vagaysky district. Silver items were found when Panin hill collapsed.

In the 1970s, the museum received the materials of archaeological excavations of the 10th-13th century White mountain burial near the Shuryshkary village, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous okrug, and the objects from the Museum ethnographic expedition in Vikulovsky district. In those years the Armory chamber of the Moscow Kremlin handed the collection of the 19th century silver tableware by Moscow and St. Petersburg craftsmen.

There are rare items in the precious metals collection. These are archaeological objects of the 10th-13th centuries, the Golden Horde silver coins of the 1360-ies, kopeck coin of the reign of Basil Shuisky, Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Mikhail Romanov, pre-revolutionary silver coins of all Russian emperors from Peter I to Nicholas II.

Also there are unique 17th-18th century religious objects, associated with the history of Orthodoxy in Siberia; women’s jewellery made by Tobolsk and Kazan masters, memorabilia of the founder of the Tobolsk Museum I. N. Yushkov;, Ukrainian revolutionary poet P. A. Grabovsky, who was in exile in Tobolsk;, and late 19th – early 20th century teacher A. I. Ksenofontova, who received "Honoured school teacher of the RSFSR" title.

"Precious metals" collection now has 6050 Museum objects.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Commemorative medal (memorial badge). In memory of Emperor Nicholas I coronation.

2. Saucer with a deer figure and a hunting scene. 1830

3. Silver badge. In memory of Emperor Nicholas I coronation. 1826

4. Monastic cell cross of the Metropolitan of Tobolsk Cornelius. Tobolsk, 1672

5. Frame of the icon of Our Lady with a child. Tobolsk, 1776

6. Ring from the Isker. The 2nd half of the 16th century.

7. Silver sewed-on plate. 10th – 12th century.

8. Silver cigarette case. 1880s

9. Pear-shaped earrings. 19th century.

10. Pocket watch in silver case. The 2nd half of the 19th century.

 

19th century bracelets made of precious metals and precious stones:

11. Bracelet, decorated with large grains. 19th century. Silver, glass, filigree, granulation, stamping. 42х66 mm.

12. Bracelet of seven links connected with spiky hinges. Russia. 19th century. Silver, coral, turquoise, filigree, stamping. 16х151 mm.

13. Bracelet of six links. Russia. 19th century. Silver, carnelian, agate, stamping. 177х32 mm.

14. Bracelet of seven links. Russia. 19th century Silver stamping, etc. 30х163 mm.

15. Open oval bracelet with five stones. Russia. 19th century. Silver, carnelian, glass, stamping, engraving, gilding. 58х43х40 mm.

16. Open oval bracelet with rounded ends. Russia. 19th century. Silver, carnelian, granulation, stamping. 26х72х48 mm.

17. Open oval bracelet with wavy ends. Russia. 19th century. Silver, glass, stamping, engraving. 47х55х28 mm.

18. Open oval bracelet with three stones. Russia. 19th century. Silver, carnelian, malachite, stamping, engraving. 55х47х18 mm.

19. Open oval bracelet. Russia. 19th century. Silver, engraving, gilding. 56х40х18 mm.

20. Oval bracelet with hinge clasp. Russia. 19th century. Silver, carnelian, coral, malachite, stamping, engraving. 61х49х25 mm.

21. Oval bracelet with floral ornaments. Russia. 19th century. Silver, stamping, engraving, granulation. 56х45х14 mm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Silver buttons in the Museum's collection

 

The Museum holds an interesting collection of silver buttons. Their size ranges from penny coins to 4.5 cm in diameter. Some are hollow, egg-shaped, less of circular form, with floral patterns made using basmanaya technique. Others are from the detachable or delicate filigree. There are quite archaic in the form items which may belong to late 16th – 17th century. These buttons generally have prominent large stamped or filigree ornaments. They were sewn mostly on men's coats and had a purely decorative role. Large buttons were an integral part of the ceremonial dress of the Tatar feudal lords. The same buttons were used in the 16th-17th century Russian nobility attire.

Collecting buttons became not only a completely independent kind of collecting, but also there are whole museums dedicated exclusively to buttons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22. Oval button oval with grain bands. Russia. 19th century. Silver, stamping, filigree, granulation. 23х13 mm. Silver 950°, 4.5 g (total weight), Silver 600°.

23. Hollow button. Russia. 19th century Silver, filigree, gilding, filigree. 42х28 mm Silver 500°, 19.3 g. (total weight), Silver 700 C Silver 930°.

24. Teardrop button. Russia. 19th century. Silver, coral, stamping, granulation. 22х14 mm. Silver 600°, 4.4 g. (total weight).

25. Hollow bell-shaped button. Russia. Late 18th century. Silver, granulation, filigree. 20х15 mm. Silver of 800°, 3.7 g. (total weight), Silver 700°, Silver (875°).

26. Cylindrical button. Russia. 19th century. Silver, stamping, granulation, filigree, gilding. 25х15 mm. Silver 950°, 6.4 g (total weight), Silver 600°.

27. Hollow almond-shaped button. Russia. 18th century Silver, stamping, embossing, gilding. 29х16 mm. Silver 875°, 3g. (total weight), Silver 900° .

28. Ovate button. Russia. 19th century Silver, stamping, embossing. 33х20 mm. Silver 700° , 4.6 g. (total weight).

29. Button. The hollow ball. Russia. 19th century. Silver, stamping, gilding. length - 25 mm. Silver 200° , 2.8 g. (total weight)

30. Hollow button. Russia. 19th century Silver, stamping, gilding, filigree. 18х11 mm. Silver 800°, 1.7 g. (total weight).

31. Hollow pinecone-shaped button. Russia. 19th century Silver, stamping, engraving. 20 X10 mm. Silver 875°, 1.5 g (total weight).

32. Hollow button. Russia. 19th century Silver, cast, chiselling. 17x10 mm Silver 750° , 2.4 g. (total weight).

33. Hollow oblong button. Russia. 19th century Silver, casting, engraving, gilding. 22х15 mm Silver 900°, 2.9 g. (total weight).

34. Hollow pear-shaped button. Russia. 19th century Silver, stamping, engraving, gilding. 22х15 mm. Silver 800° , 2.8 g. (total weight), Silver 930°

35. Hollow ovate button. Russia. 16th century Silver, embossing, gilding. 50x40 mm Silver 750°, 16.8 g. (total weight).

36. Button. The hollow ball with a horizontal belt. Russia. 18th century Silver, filigree, gilding, granulation. 38х28 mm. Silver 800° , 10.5 g. (total weight).

37. Oval button with malachite. Russia. 18th century Silver, malachite, granulation, filigree. 47х28 mm Silver 500° , 7.5 g. (total weight), Silver 600° , Silver 875°, Silver 920°.

38. Hollow pear-shaped button. Russia. 17th century Silver, enamel, stamping, filigree. 20x10 mm Silver 875°, 1.4 g. (total weight).

39. Button with enamel. Russia. 17th century Silver, enamel, filigree, granulation. 20x12 mm. Silver 916°, 2 g. (total weight).

40. Barrel button. Russia. 18th century Silver, dices, filigree, gilding. 15x10 mm. Silver 916° , 1.5 g (total weight), Silver 500° .

 

 

 

 

 

41. Button in the form of a hollow ball. Russia. The 18th century? Silver, river pearl, granulation, gilding, filigree. 24х13 mm. Silver 860°, 3.4 g. (total weight).

42. Cut-out button. Russia. 18th century Silver, granulation, filigree, gilding. 30 x 19 mm. Silver 875° , 5.4 g. (total weight).

43. Button. The hollow ball with a horizontal belt. Russia. 18th century. Silver, granulation, filigree. 35х25 mm Silver 750° , 9.7 g. (total weight).

44. Button. The hollow ball with a horizontal belt. Russia. 18th century Silver, filigree, granulation. 23х18 mm. Silver 930°, 4.7 g. (total weight).

45. Spherical button. Russia. 18th century Silver, filigree, granulation, gilding. 25х28 mm. Silver 600°, 6.3 g. (total weight).

46. Button in the form of a hollow ball. Russia. 19th century Silver, granulation, filigree, gilding. 36х25 mm. Silver 950° , 11,3 g (total weight).

47. Button. Hollow ball, divided by a transverse belt. Russia. 19th century Silver, filigree, granulation, gilding. 28х20 mm. Silver 930°, 7.2 g (total weight).

48. Cut-out ball button. Russia. 19th century Silver, glass, granulation, filigree, stamping. 40x30 mm Silver 745° , 13.5 g (total weight).

49. Button. Hollow ball, divided by a transverse belt. Russia. 18th century Silver, granulation, filigree, gilding. 30x20 mm Silver 750° , and 8.6 g (total weight).

50. Bell-shaped button. Russia. Silver, river pearl, granulation, filigree, stamping. 20х17 mm. Silver 700° , 3.3 g. (total weight).

51. Faceted button. Russia. 19th century Silver, granulation, faceting. 23х10 mm Silver 500°, 1.7 g. (total weight).

52. Oblong button. Russia. 19th century Silver, granulation, embossing, carving. 25х10 mm. Silver 700° , 1.1 g (total weight), Silver 800°.

53. Blue button. Russia. 19th century Silver, glass, granulation, chiselling. 25х10 mm. Silver 550° , 2.9 g. (total weight).

54. Button. Ball with vertical stripes. Russia. 18th century Silver, casting, engraving, niello. 18х13 mm Silver 750° , 3.8 g. (total weight).

55. Button with dual vertical stripes. Russia. 19th century Silver, engraving, stamping. 13x18 mm Silver 900° , 3.4 g. (total weight).

56. Button with a six-petal rosette in the centre. Russia. 19th century Silver, stamping, chiselling, gilding. 15х17 mm. Silver 700° , 3.7 g. (total weight).

57. Button in the shape of a flattened hemisphere. Russia. 18th century Silver, stamping, niello, gilding. 10х11 mm. Silver 600° , 1.6 g. (total weight), Silver 800°.

58. Almond-shaped button. Russia. 19th century. Silver. 28х20 mm. Silver 600°, 2 g. (total weight).

59. Ball-shaped button. Russia. 19th century. Silver, stamping. 35х22 mm Silver 500° , 2.6 g. (total weight).

60. Barrel-shaped button. Russia. 19th century Silver, stamping, filigree. 13x13 mm. Silver (875°), 1.5 g (total weight).

61. Button. Hollow ball, divided by a transverse belt. Russia. 18th century. Silver, stamping, filigree, granulation, gilding. 25х18 mm. Silver 600° , 3.9 g. (total weight).

62. Button. The hollow ball. Russia. 19th century Silver, filigree, granulation, gilding. 30х15 mm. Silver 600°,  4.7 g. (total weight).

63. Button. Hollow ball, divided by a transverse belt. Russia. 18th century Silver, filigree, granulation, gilding. 31х22 mm Silver 750° , 6.2 g. (total weight).

64. Button. Hollow ball, divided by a transverse belt. Russia. 18th century Silver, filigree, granulation, gilding. 28х20 mm. Silver 600° , 4.8 g. (total weight).

65. Hollow pear-shaped button with engraved ornament. Russia. 18th century Silver, engraving. 18х11 mm Silver 750° , 1.3 g. (total weight).